Item - Perspective drawing of uMgungundlovu

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Perspective drawing of uMgungundlovu

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  • Source of title proper: Chloe Rushovich for FHYA using Frans and Hester Roodt's materials

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Creative Commons License: CC BY-NC-ND

Unless otherwise stated the copyright of all material on the FHYA resides with the contributing institution/custodian.

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[Source - Frans Roodt for FHYA, 2020: Frans Roodt directed Hester Roodt (nee Lewis) to do this landscape drawing in 1989. The image is an early attempt to compose a perspective drawing of uMgungundlovu. It is based on an aerial photo, taken at about a 30-degree angle from a light aircraft flying over the site, providing a view from north to south. The size is based on the archaeological site plan.The hills in the background are realistic. The internal layout was further based on the sketch by James Stuart (published in Stuart, J & McMalcolm, D. (Eds) 1969. The diary of Henry Fancis Fynn. Pietermaritzburg. Shuter and Shooter).

In retrospect, the hut numbers are probably over exaggerated. The total hut numbers range from:

  • 1100 huts according to Captain Allen Gardiner (Gardiner, AF. 1966. Narrative of a
    Journey to the Zulu Country in South Africa. Cape Town. C. Struik);
  • 1700 huts according to Piet Retief during his first visit to Mgungundlovu in 1837 (The
    Grahamstown Journal: 1837.12.28:3); and
  • 2500 huts were estimated by Joseph Kirkman, interpreter assigned to the Reverend
    George Champion while at Mgungundlovu.

(Also see Lawton, J. 1959. Plan of Dingaan’s hut groups and reconstruction of
Dingaan’s hut, Dingaan’s Kraal. Unpublished report to the National Monuments

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